The European Society for Emergency Medicine

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Emergency physicians must be able to evaluate the urgency of the patient's need for treatment based on limited information and continuous reassessment. This process is referred to here as triage. 

Patients that critically ill require immediate management following established guidelines, the focus being on rapidly delivering therapy that decreases morbidity and mortality despite initially not knowing the patient's diagnosis. This process is referred to here as resuscitation. 

For triage, emergency physicians should:
• Know which system is most suitable will depend on the context, e.g., patient, available resources.
• Be able to apply the principles of the triage systems used in the Emergency department as well as in the pre-hospital arena, both during normal circumstances and during mass casualty situations.

For resuscitation, emergency physicians should:
• Know assessments and interventions in order to rapidly normalise abnormal physiological parameters (e.g., hypoxia, hypoglycaemia).
• Be able to acquire information that allows for the recognition and treatment of life-threatening conditions (e.g., anaphylaxis, hemorrhagic shock).


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